Industrial Design

The concept of industrial design has been understood in many ways. Some of the widely accepted definitionsare reproduced here

ICSID – International Council of Societies of Industrial Design defines Industrial design as: Design seeks to discover and assess structural, organizational, functional, expressive and economic relationships, with the task of:
  • Enhancing global sustainability and environmental protection (global ethics)
  • Giving benefits and freedom to the entire human community, individual and collective
  • Final users, producers and market protagonists (social ethics)
  • Supporting cultural diversity despite the globalization of the world (cultural ethics)
  • Giving products, services and systems, those forms that are expressive of (semiology) and coherent with (aesthetics) their proper complexity
IDSA – Industrial Design Society of America defines Industrial design as:

Industrial design (ID) is the professional service of creating and developing concepts and specifications that optimize the function, value and appearance of products and systems for the mutual benefit of both user and manufacturer.

Industrial designers develop these concepts and specifications through collection, analysis and synthesis of data guided by the special requirements of the client or manufacturer. They are trained to prepare clear and concise recommendations through drawings, models and verbal descriptions.

Industrial design services are often provided within the context of cooperative working relationships with other members of a development group. Typical groups include management, marketing, engineering and manufacturing specialists. The industrial designer expresses concepts that embody all relevant design criteria determined by the group.

The industrial designer's unique contribution places emphasis on those aspects of the product or system that relate most directly to human characteristics, needs and interests. This contribution requires specialized understanding of visual, tactile, safety and convenience criteria, with concern for the user. Education and experience in anticipating psychological, physiological and sociological factors that influence and are perceived by the user are essential industrial design resources.

The scope of industrial design is summarized by Moody, Stanley as follows:

Industrial design seeks to relate hardware to the dimensions, instinctive responses, and emotional needs of the user where these are relevant requirements. Industrial design seeks to rectify the omissions of engineering; a conscious attempt to bring form and visual order to engineering hardware where the technology does of itself provide these features. Through conscious control of form, configuration, overall appearance and detailing, industrial design is capable of conveying to the user the abstract characteristics of a product. It can arrange for controls to be comfortable, pleasant, and easy to operate. It is capable of imbuing a product with the distinctive ambiance, style and feeling of good quality, which equates with the personal taste of the user. By these various means industrial design is capable of bringing a rounded contribution to innovation, reaching out sensitively to the user